So you think you can drink water ?

So you think you can drink water ?

I am not giving you a challenge to drink water . I just want to warn you about drinking water and its intoxication  . You know it , right ? So you think you can drink water ? Aren’t you ? No problem , I will tell you some facts about water intoxication and its symptoms which will help you be wise when you choose what you drink .

Water intoxication, also known as water poisoning or hyper-hydration, is a potentially fatal disturbance in brain  functions that results when the normal balance of electrolytes in the body is pushed outside safe limits by over-hydration.

It takes about 6 liters of water to kill a 165-pound person, according to a YouTube video recently released by the American Chemistry Society.

Surprisingly, death by water, or water intoxication as it’s officially known, happens quite a lot. It’s common among young people who challenge themselves to “water drinking contests,” or athletes who mistakingly over-hydrate while training, Scientific American reported.

When a person drinks too much water the kidneys cannot flush it out as well and this causes the excess water to enter the cells and cause them to swell. When the brain cells begin to swell the situation can turn lethal fast.

 

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Symptoms

1. Headache

2, Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea

3. Restlessness, irritability

4. Lightheadedness, dizziness

5. Difficulty concentrating

6. Fatigue, muscle weakness, unstable gait

Signs

1. Sudden increase of the body weight (up to several kilograms), but not always

2. Dilated pupils on both sides

3. Slow heart rate (bradycardia)

4. Increased frequency of breathing (in pulmonary edema) or decreased frequency and volume of breathing (in respiratory arrest)

5. Bluish discoloration of the lips and hands (cyanosis due to pulmonary edema)

6. Decreased (hypotension) or increased blood pressure (hypertension)

7. Hypothermia

Treatment

Mild intoxication may remain asymptomatic and require only fluid restriction. In more severe cases, treatment consists of:

  1.  Diuretics  to increase urination, which are most effective for excess blood volume.
  2.  Vasopressin receptor antagonists

 

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