Hepatitis C ! – What are Hepatitis A , B, and C ?

A Liver is one of the most crucial organs of human body. Failure of this organ leads to death with no other option left except liver transplantation. You must be knowing that too much consumption of alcohol damage liver. But there is another common cause of liver malfunctioning and it is Hepatitis.  Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepa (Greek word) means liver and itis  means inflammation.

 

There are almost 200 million hepatitis cases all around the globe out of which 130 million cases are of Hepatitis CHepatitis C. Isn’t it shocking? No ?

Well, the following sentence is more shocking: About 3/4  i.e. 75% of hepatitis suffering, don’t know about it.

They are completely unknown of the deadly disease they are going through.

 

Hepatitis C: The Most Viral Hepatitis

Hepatitis C commonly, referred as Hep C is basically a type of liver infection which is caused by a virus. That virus attacks the liver and leads to inflammation, it is given the name as HCV(Hepatitis C Virus).

There are almost 3.2 million cases of Hep C in the USA and million in India.

 

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Key Points:

#1. It Spreads very easily.

#2. It requires a medical diagnosis.

#3. Cannot be detected without lab tests or imaging.

#4. Don’t spread through food, water or by casual contact.

#5. Treated with antiviral medications.

 

Symptoms

 

#1. Yellowing of eyes and skin (Jaundice)

#2. Fatigue

#3. Nausea

#4. Loss of Appetite

 

How Hepatitis C Spreads?

 

#. Through Blood Products

#. Having Sex with an HIV-infected person

#. Having Rough Sex

#. From mother to baby during Pregnancy stage

#. Through Sharing drugs and needles

 

Differences  between Hep A, B, and C

#. Cause

  1. Hepatitis A is caused by HAV(Hepatitis A Virus).
  2. Hepatitis B is caused by HBV(Hepatitis B Virus).
  3. Hepatitis C is caused by HCV(Hepatitis C Virus).

 

#. Symptoms

Viral symptoms are similar no matter which type of Hepatitis it is. They are:

  1. Jaundice
  2. Loss of Appetite
  3. Joint Pain
  4. Diarrhea
  5. Fever
  6. Fatigue
  7. Dark Urine
  8. Abdominal Pain
  9. Vomiting

 

#. Incubation Period

  1. Hep A: 15-50 days, the average is 28 days.
  2. Hep B: 60-150 days, the average is 90 days.
  3. Hepatitis C: 12-180 days, the average is 45 days.

 

How to Prevent ?

1. For Hepatitis A

#. Get vaccination to prevent  HAV  infection.

#. Always wash hands with soap and water after using the toilet, before preparing food, before eating, after changing the diaper and don’t put your fingers in your mouth or others.

 

2. For Hepatitis B 

#. Get vaccination.

#. For pregnant women, do go for hepatitis B testing in the healthcare center.

#. Tell your sex partner to get vaccinated too.

#. Practice safe sex, use condoms.

 

3. For Hepatitis C

#. There is no Vaccination.

#. HCV (Hepatitis C Virus) can spread through Sex, but not that much common.

#. Use Latex Condoms correctly to prevent the spread of any STD(Sexually Transmitted Diseases).

 

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Must share this article with as many as people because as I said in the first paragraph: there are 200 million cases of Hepatitis cases all around the globe and 3/4 don’t even know !!!!!

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